Program Planning Guide 17-18

General Program Policies

ENROLLMENT POLICY
It is the policy of the Paradise Unified School District to ensure that no student will be excluded from a course/subject because of a physical handicap, marital status, or medical condition. Students transferring in from other schools will be required to have a withdrawal form and a copy of their transcript so that they can be placed in the appropriate classes. The Guidance Office will make every reasonable effort to assist the parent/guardian in obtaining the needed information from the previous school.

The main goal of Paradise Unified School District is the graduation of every student. To provide each student with the best possible academic setting for their success, a number of alternative programs have been developed. 

Students who are transferring from alternative programs, such as the County Court School, Continuation High Schools, and Opportunity Programs, or who have been placed on Independent Study for disciplinary reasons may be referred to an alternative program within our district for enrollment. Students currently on probation will be required to have a conference with an administrator to determine if enrollment at PHS is appropriate. Students who have been expelled from another school district or are currently involved in expulsion proceedings must request a hearing before the Governing Board prior to enrollment in any PUSD school.

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
Paradise High School will issue a diploma certifying high school graduation to each student who meets the district approved course of study (minimum 230 credits) and competency requirements. Any identified special education student with an approved Individual Educational Plan (IEP) will qualify for a diploma by meeting the standards specified in their plan. To receive a diploma, a student must complete a minimum of eight (8) semesters of high school coursework resulting in 230 credits earned.

REQUIRED COURSES 
Courses required for graduation from Paradise High School are established by School Board Policy and follow the Education Code of the State of California. A minimum of 230 credits are required for graduation. Transfer students must have a high school transcript that verifies the completion of required classes at an accredited institution and must meet PHS credit and course requirements. Transfer students from private religious schools will be awarded credits based on courses which parallel those offered at Paradise High School.

CLASS LOADS 
All students must be enrolled in at least six classes each semester. This requirement shall not apply to: students enrolled in off-campus regional occupational centers; courses at accredited postsecondary institutions; independent study; special education programs in which the student's individualized education program establishes a different number of courses; continuation education classes; work experience education programs; or any other course of study authorized by the Board that is equivalent to the approved high school course of study (Education Code 46145). A personal hardship exception may be granted with administration and superintendent approval. A student may take a maximum of 45 credits per semester.

CLASS SCHEDULE CHANGES 
Classes at Paradise High School are offered on the basis of student demand as determined by pre-registration. Therefore, students should choose their schedules carefully. Signing up for a class helps ensure that it is offered and has room for everyone who wants to enroll. Only academic requests for schedule changes will be accepted. No changes will be allowed in elective courses unless it is necessary to balance overloaded classes. Academic schedule changes will only be accepted during the first week of each semester; student requests for class changes will not be accepted after this period.

Students must complete a Request for Schedule Change form to initiate a class change. Only if there are concerns about the suggested change will students be called in to talk with the counselor. Class sizes often determine whether or not a change can be made. Changes can only be considered if space is available. Requests will be considered according to the following priority criteria:

1st Priority Changes for seniors who need credit to meet requirements, or courses required for entrance to a college or university. 
2nd Priority Changes involving adding a class for an unscheduled period or making up required courses. 
3rd Priority Changes requested by the teacher due to inappropriate placement. 
4th Priority Changes that help to balance overloaded classes.

ACADEMIC PENALTY PERIOD FOR DROPPING CLASSES
Students may drop a class up to the fourth week of each semester; however a student may add only a Teacher Aide (11-12) or Office Aide (10-12), if available, during the third and fourth weeks of school. Athletes: check with the Athletic Director for additional information.  An "F" grade may appear on interim report cards, but will not appear on the official transcript.

Students dropping a class two weeks or more after the first grading period will receive an academic grade of "F." The "F" will appear on the semester report card and on the official transcript. This grade will be included in the overall grade point average (GPA).
 
CLASS CREDIT
Class credit is only awarded and recorded on a student's transcript at the end of each semester upon the successful completion of the course.

REPEATING A COURSE FOR A HIGHER GRADE 
A student may repeat a course in which a below average grade of "D" or "F" was earned. However, credit will not be issued twice for the same course. Credit for the first course will be counted as elective credit. The higher grade will be counted in the GPA. The transcript will show the entire record with the repeated course being designated with an "R." If a student plans to attend the University of California, the UC system will not allow a grade earned in a repeated course to be counted higher than a "C" from the 10th grade year on. In order to avoid GPA penalties affecting college admissions or scholarships, students must notify the guidance office in writing that they are repeating a course. Also a "C" or higher is necessary for college/university to consider the subject requirement as being met. 

NCAA CLEARINGHOUSE 
If your student is possibly going to be a Division I or II athlete, please refer to the NCAA Clearinghouse website or your school counselor for eligibility information.  Some PHS classes qualify for high school graduation and college requirements (a-g) but do not meet NCAA eligibility. The Clearinghouse website is eligibilitycenter.org 

STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS
All education programs are available for students with special needs. Such programs and related activities will be planned and coordinated as a part of each person's Individual Education Plan (IEP), as required by state and federal law. While the inclusion of all students in existing programs is preferred, it is also recognized that in certain circumstances, specially designed programs offer the most viable educational alternative. 
 

PUSD Nondiscrimination Policy

The Board of Education is committed to equal opportunity for all individuals in education. District programs, activities, and practices shall be free from discrimination based on race, color, ancestry, national origin, ethnic group identification, age, religion, marital or parental status, physical or mental disability, sex, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity or expression, or genetic information; the perception of one or more of such characteristics; or association with a person or group with one or more of these actual or perceived characteristics.
The Superintendent or designee shall notify students, parents/guardians, employees, employee organizations, applicants for admission and employment, and sources of referral for applicants about the District's policy on non-discrimination and related complaint procedures.

The District's Non-Discrimination Policy and related informational materials shall be published in a format that parents/guardians can understand and, when required by law, in a language other than English. Complaints alleging noncompliance with the District's policy of nondiscrimination should be directed to Susan Davis, Deputy Superintendent, at the Paradise Unified School District office (6696 Clark Road, Paradise, California, 95969; 530¬-872-¬6400 ext. 225). A copy of the District's Non-Discrimination Policy is available at the District Office.

Additional Academic Opportunities

2+2+2 PROGRAM
The 2+2+2 program is a Butte College Partnership Agreement; Butte College has identified certain high school classes that are judged to be equivalent in scope, content and skill level to selected Butte College courses. If you complete any of these courses while in high school, you can earn college credits in advance. Currently, the following courses at PHS are articulated in the 2+2+2 program:
● A+ Computer Repair
● Advanced Computer Applications
● Architectural Drawing
● Auto 1
● Child Development
● Computer Game Programming
● Engineering and Architectural Design
● Fashion Design (pending)
● Graphic Design (pending)
● Multimedia Applications
● Photo 1
● Public Speaking
● Technology/Careers

To receive college credit for a 2+2+2 class a student must be enrolled in the class for a full year and receive an “A” or “B” each semester and a 70% on the final or portfolio. With proper paperwork filled out at the beginning of the class students earn one semester of college credit.

ACADEMIC AWARDS
Students receiving a 3.50 GPA for the first time will be awarded an Academic “P”. If their GPA is a 4.0 at this time they will also be awarded an Academic Star. Each additional time that a student obtains a 3.50-3.99 GPA they will receive an Academic Bar and if they earn a 4.0 GPA or higher they will receive an Academic Star. Freshmen, Sophomores, and Juniors must have at least a 30 credit schedule for this to apply. Seniors are eligible with a 20 credit schedule. Biliteracy and Golden State Awards may also be earned.

ADVANCED PLACEMENT CLASSES
 The College Board offers exams in several college subjects each May. This is a strictly formatted and academically rigorous national testing program. Students are charged $93 per test by the College Board. Financial assistance is available based on need. Most colleges and universities will recognize a score of 3 or better (the equivalent of a "B+" grade in a college course) for units at their institution and allow students to waive a requirement for an entry level freshman course such as U.S. History or English. Students are advised to check with the college of their choice to determine what scores are required for credit and what requirements can be met through these exams. AP classes available (depending on student interest) at PHS include Biology, Calculus, Statistics, English Language, English Literature, Physics, U.S. Government and Politics, and U.S. History. All students enrolled in AP courses are highly encouraged to take the corresponding AP examination.

AVID (Advancement Via Individual Determination)
The AVID elective class is open to all 9th-12th grade students with a 2.0 GPA and above, with the desire to go to college and the willingness to work hard. AVID creates a college-going culture that increases the number of students who enroll and succeed in higher education. The AVID program begins with an elective class for one period a day, where students learn organizational and study skills, work on critical-thinking and asking probing questions, get academic help from peer and/or college tutors, and participate in enrichment and motivational activities that make college seem attainable. AVID’s mission is to close the achievement gap by preparing all students for college readiness and success in a global society.

CLASS RANKING/VALEDICTORIAN/GOLD CORD  
To determine a senior’s class ranking, including determining the valedictorian and salutatorian ranks, honors points are limited to eight semesters of completed AP classes which is the system accepted by the University of California. Points toward senior class ranking are then deducted for grades below an “A” in academic courses (e.g., -1 point for each “B”, -2 points for each “C” and so on). All courses must have been taken from an accredited comprehensive high school or college. The student must have been enrolled at PHS for at least three semesters to be eligible. 

Students achieving the top possible (8) AP points who have earned straight A’s in grades 9-12 will be determined to be the class valedictorians. Students who rank in the top 10% of the senior class using this method will be awarded a gold cord to wear at graduation.

Senior class ranking differs from the typical GPA ranking, which is done by our computer information system by assigning ranking order based strictly upon the student’s overall weighted GPA.

COLLEGE & CAREER READINESS
Paradise High School offers a variety of Career Pathways which prepare students for post-secondary education leading to careers in high wage, high demand and high growth industries. Career Pathways include a sequence of Career and Technical Education (CTE) courses that concentrate on skills for careers within a particular industry. Completed along with academic core classes that meet high school graduation requirements and college prep requirements, these courses help to prepare students for Post-secondary training.  This could include an industry recognized certificate or license, a two-year degree (A.A. or A.S.), a four-year degree (B.A. or B.S.), or graduate degree (M.A., M.S., PhD., M.D., etc.) that lead to highly skilled jobs.

CTE classes develop technical skills grounded in academics, workplace skills which increase employability, and personal skills which lead to success in the workplace.

While giving students a taste of the working world before they graduate, these programs motivate and excite students towards a purposeful goal, increasing school engagement, reducing the dropout rate, and increasing the college attendance rate.  For more information about Career Pathways and CTE courses, visit http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/ctandcapathways.org
 
CAREER PATHWAYS
Paradise High School is pleased to offer sequential courses for College and Career Readiness Pathways. Pathways consist of an introductory course, a concentration course, and a final capstone course. These concentration and capstone courses satisfy the PHS CTE graduation option. The following Career Pathways are:
  • ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING 
    Courses: Today’s Tech. + Engineering & Architec. Design + Architec. Drawing
  • CABINETRY, MILLWORK AND WOOD WORKING
    Courses: Today’s Tech. + Wood Manufac. + Adv. Wood Manufac.
  • CHILD DEVELOPMENT
    Courses: Life Management + Child Dev. + Adv. Child Dev.
  • COMPUTER HARDWARE, ELECTRICAL, AND NETWORK ENGINEERING
    Courses: Tech./Car. + Adv. Comp. Apps./Graphic Design + A+ Computer Repair
  • EDUCATION
    Courses: Life Management + Child Dev. + Peer Counseling
  • ENGINEERING DESIGN
    Courses: Project Lead the Way (PLTW) 1 + PLTW 2 + PLTW 3 + PLTW 4
  • ENTREPRENEURSHIP
    Courses: Tech./Car. + Graphic Design. + Small Bus. Entrepren.
  • FASHION DESIGN, MANUFACTURING AND MERCHANDISING
    Courses: Life Management + Fashion Design
  • FOOD SERVICE AND HOSPITALITY
    Courses: Life Management + Culinary Arts + Adv. Culinary Arts
  • GRAPHIC ARTS TECHNOLOGY
    Courses:Tech./Car. + Graphic Design + Yearbook
  • INTEGRATED GRAPHICS/MEDIA AND DESIGN
    Courses: Tech./Car. + Adv. Comp. Apps./Graphic Design + Multimedia Apps.
  • MACHINE AND FORMING TECHNOLOGY
    Courses: Today’s Tech. + Engineering & Architec. Design 
  • MEDIA SUPPORT AND SERVICES
    Courses: Tech./Car. + Advanced Comp. Apps./Graphic Design + Multimedia Apps.
  • PATIENT CARE AND HEALTH INFORMATION SERVICES
    Courses: Life Management + EMS + Med. & Hosp. Careers
  • PROGRAMMING AND SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT
    Courses: Tech./Car. + Adv. Comp. Apps. + Comp. Game Programming
  • VEHICLE MAINTENANCE, SERVICE & REPAIR
    Courses: Today’s Tech. + Auto + Adv. Auto
COLLEGE ADMISSION 
To learn more about UC and CSU college entrance requirements please refer to this website: http://www.CaliforniaColleges.edu

CREDIT RECOVERY
This does not meet the a-g requirements. Students at PHS who fail a semester class may have the option of taking the class on-line to recover the credit.  This option is currently available to students before and after school on site.  See your counselor for more details.

CSF MEMBERSHIP REQUIREMENTS
California Scholarship Federation is a statewide organization whose purpose is "to foster high standards of scholarship, service, and citizenship on the part of the students of the senior high schools of California." Membership is based on scholarship and citizenship. Beginning their second semester of tenth grade, students who meet the standards and apply during the membership drive each semester are regular members. Middle School transfers who were Honor members of the California Junior Scholarship Federation, second semester ninth graders, and first semester sophomores who meet the standards and apply during the membership drive are associate members. Associate membership does not count toward the Life/Sealbearer status but active participation is recorded and recognized in all grades. All eligible applicants must fill out a membership application available in the Main Office. Regular membership requires the payment of $4 dues each semester of eligibility. Associate members do not pay dues. No late applications or retroactive membership is accepted in accordance with CSF bylaws. 

To qualify for CSF, a student must maintain at least 10 points in specific courses: A's counting 3 points, B's 1 point, and an extra point for “A”'s and “B”'s in Honor and AP courses (up to 2 extra points per semester). A student must earn at least 7 points from Course Lists I and II with at least 4 points from List I. The other points may come from List III. A student may use no more than five courses to qualify. Classes taken during a member's senior year do not have to be from List I. 

Sealbearer status (Life Membership) is awarded to students having CSF membership in at least four of the last six semesters, one of which must be based on senior grades. Life Sealbearer Members receive a certificate, the Federation Chapter Seal on their diploma, and an indication of Sealbearer status on their permanent academic record and on transcripts. Also awarded are a CSF life membership pin and gold cap tassel to be worn at the graduation ceremony.

HONORS CLASSES
To better prepare students for the rigor of Advanced Placement classes, Paradise High School offers honors classes in Math 1, Math 2, English 9, English 10 and Chemistry. Full course descriptions for each of these courses, as well as their corresponding prerequisites, may be found in this guide under the Math, English, and Science headings.

UNIQUE CREDIT 
Unique credit is available under special situations. It is related to opportunities for study at colleges, universities, or extended travel during vacation periods. The following guidelines must apply: 

A student who successfully completes a course or educational travel sponsored by a college or university may request that the grade and/or credit earned be transferred to Paradise High School. This must be approved in advance by the principal. In this situation, credit is issued by the college or university.

Paradise High School will only issue credit for unique study situations if approved in advance. Students must submit a study proposal and a request for credit that must be approved by the department chairperson in the subject area involved. In addition to departmental conditions, the student will be required to submit a written summary of their experiences including specific examples of their learning related to PHS curriculum.
 

Individual Departmental Honors

Many of the departments at Paradise High School offer high achieving students "Honor" status upon graduation. Criteria for this designation is as follows: 

ENGLISH
  1.  Completion of two years of Honors English and two years of Advanced Placement English, earning a minimum of six A's and one B in seven semesters (not including the spring semester of the senior year).
  2. The eighth semester (spring semester of the senior year) grade must be a B or higher.
FINE ARTS
  1.  Individual department awards are determined by the individual instructors within the Fine Arts Department.
WORLD LANGUAGES
A minimum 3.85 GPA in all world languages classes.
Four years of the same language.
Excellent citizenship and attendance.
All language classes must be taken for a letter grade.
Students must be enrolled in non-native language classes.
 
MATHEMATICS
Completion of a minimum of 3 years of math through a minimum of Math 3 or Pre-Calculus.
Earned at most only one B in those semesters of math.
Calculus or beyond taken at Butte College/CSU, Chico with the above grade requirements will also count towards this honor distinction.
 
INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
Completion of a minimum of four semesters of technology/media courses.
A minimum 3.5 GPA in media/technology courses.
One semester of media/technology courses at Butte College is equal to two semesters at PHS.
 
PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Four years of physical education earning a 3.85 GPA or higher in those courses.
Excellent citizenship and attendance.
 
SCIENCE
Completion of at least six semesters of college preparatory courses (or their equivalent) with a minimum 3.85 GPA. 
2. Students must have no semester grade lower than a B in any science class. 
 
SOCIAL SCIENCE 
1. Completion of the following courses: World History, AP US History, Economics and AP Government. 
2. A minimum 3.8 GPA in all social science courses through the first semester of their senior year. 
3. A grade of “C” or higher in AP Government at the end of the 5th grading period of their senior year.

Educational Alternatives for Students

ALTERNATIVES 
1. Butte Community College 
2. California High School Proficiency Examination (CHSPE)
3. College Connection Program 
4. Correspondence Courses 
5. CSU, Chico (High School Scholars Program) 
6. eLearning Charter Academy
7. General Education Diploma (GED)
8. High School Equivalency Testing (HiSET)
9. Home/Hospital Instruction 
10. Honey Run Academy 
11. PHS Independent Study Program 
12. Ridgeview High School (Alternative High School) 

PREREQUISITES 
Some or all of the following may be required: 
1. Counselor or administrative approval 
2. Department Chair approval 
3. School Board placement 
4. Junior or Senior status 
5. Parental permission 
6. Special committee approval 

BUTTE COLLEGE 
Credit for concurrent enrollment (taking classes through another institution or program while enrolled at PHS) is limited to elective credit courses or for courses already taken at the high school but completed with a “D” or “F” grade. Specific graduation required courses offered by PHS must be taken at PHS for original credit. The sole exception to this rule is if the requested college course will allow the student to take advanced courses at PHS that otherwise would not have fit into their four year plan. Board Policy 614G.11(a). Colleges are not allowed to concurrently enroll high school students without prior written approval from the high school. Each college unit is worth 3.3 credits. Students taking courses from a college on a semester system will receive the following credits per unit when used for Paradise High School graduation: 

1 unit  = 3.5 credits 2 units = 6.5 credits 
3 units = 10 credits 4 units = 13 credits 

CALIFORNIA HIGH SCHOOL PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION (CHSPE) 
This state examination is available to students who are sixteen or who are in the second semester of the tenth grade. The examination is offered by the State of California through the Butte County Office of Education. A fee is charged. Students who successfully pass the CHSPE will receive a State Certificate of Satisfactory Completion of Secondary Education. PHS diplomas are not issued to students for passing this test. The CHSPE is a certificate, not a diploma. Parent permission is required if the student wishes to withdraw from school after passing the CHSPE. WWW.CHSPE.NET 

COLLEGE CONNECTION (GRADE 12) 
College Connection is a self-contained, alternative high school/college partnership program located on the campus of Butte College. The key goals of the program are to assist students in developing the necessary study skills to successfully transition to college-level work and to provide students with the opportunity to take challenging courses in an enriched learning environment. As a result, many students are able to earn almost a year of college credit while still completing their high school graduation requirements. Selection for the program is competitive and limited to 35 students. However, since a full range of grade point averages are accepted, all interested students should apply. The application process for this program begins each year in December with selection of students in February. The Guidance Office has further information. 

CORRESPONDENCE COURSES 
High school credit will be accepted from an accredited college or university. The amount of credit must be agreed upon prior to enrollment in the course. All required courses must be taken at Paradise High School. There is a 20 credit limitation on this option. Advanced administrative approval of these courses is required and there is a financial cost that is incurred by the student. 

CSU, CHICO (HIGH SCHOOL SCHOLARS PROGRAM) (GRADES 11 & 12) 
The High School Scholars (HSS) program is an excellent opportunity for local high school students to take up to two courses at CSU, Chico for a nominal $54 fee. The objective of the program is to offer local area students access to college courses that have not been filled by regularly enrolled CSU, Chico students. This program is offered each year with rare exceptions. http://www.csuchico.edu/admissions/counselors/high-school-scholars.shtml

eLEARNING CHARTER ACADEMY
Paradise eLearning Charter Academy is a site based independent study program that is aligned with the California State Content Standards. Students access school lessons and assessments through technology and by direct interaction with their teacher. Students may enroll full time and have the option to take up to two classes on the PHS campus. This program is currently located on the PHS campus. For further information, please call Kathleen Blacklock, Director, at 872-6425, ext. 3104.

HIGH SCHOOL EQUIVALENCY TEST (HiSET)
California has approved the use of the HiSET for students 18 years of age and older as the means to earn a California High School Equivalency Certificate. The exam will be available in both paper/pencil, as well as computer formats. Please contact Ridgeview High (530-872-6478) for more information.

HOME/HOSPITAL INSTRUCTION 
Home/Hospital instruction is an alternative program for students who will be absent from school due to a temporary "physical, mental, or emotional" disability. The PUSD program is available to students residing or hospitalized within our district who will be absent from school for a period of four (4) weeks or more.

HONEY RUN ACADEMY 
The Paradise Unified School District Honey Run Academy is an educational program for students who have been expelled from the district, who are currently under a suspended expulsion, or who have accumulated an excessive number of suspendable offenses. Admission must be through the School Board, Superintendent or Site Administrator.

PARADISE ADULT SCHOOL
Through an array of programs and courses, most of them offered free or at very low cost, Paradise Adult School will assist all adults—including parents, older adults, disabled adults, and recent immigrants—deal with the complexities of life. Paradise Adult School will try to make it convenient and affordable for all students to reach their educational, training, career and personal goals. For more information call 872-6478.

PHS INDEPENDENT STUDY PROGRAM 
Independent Study is a state recognized educational option designed as an on-line alternative to the classroom format for instruction. Students meet with teachers once a week for review of current assignments, small group learning labs, one on one instruction and ongoing assessment. Students who choose independent study are eligible to receive a Paradise High School diploma after fulfilling PHS graduation requirements. Students most successful with the independent study option are motivated, independent learners. Counselor and administrative approval required. 

RIDGEVIEW HIGH SCHOOL 
Ridgeview High School is a small alternative high school that allows students to make-up credit deficiencies. This campus located on the upper ridge provides individualized support and instruction to students who find that they can achieve a higher level of success in a smaller learning environment. Administrative approval from both schools is required. For more information contact your counselor. 

HS Grad/College Entry Requirements

Business-Information & Communication Technology

A+ COMPUTER REPAIR
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
College credit available under the 2+2+2 program
Prerequisite: Grade of "C" or better in both semesters of Integrated Technology/Career Education and Advanced Computer Applications
The course prepares students to pass the industry standard A+ Computer Repair Examination. Students will learn computer terms, components and troubleshooting skills. Instruction includes computer operating system installation and diagnostics and step-by-step instruction on installation, maintenance, optimizing system performance and troubleshooting. 

COMPUTER GAME PROGRAMMING
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
College credit available under the 2+2+2 program 
Prerequisite: Grade of "C" or better in both semesters of Integrated Technology/Career Education and Advanced Computer Applications
Students will learn important programming concepts while creating fun thought-provoking games. This hands-on class teaches students how to use the Python programming language and Unity Game Engine. They will utilize IDEs, pull-down interfaces, animation and drag and drop features to design, implement, test, and document their own computer games.

ADVANCED COMPUTER APPLICATIONS 
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Available 18/19 (offered every other year)
Meets the PHS CTE concentration option
College credit available under the 2+2+2 program.
Prerequisite: Grade of "C" or better in both semesters of Integrated Technology/Career Education.
Enhance your computer skills and earn college credit. Advanced Computer Applications takes you to the next level of computer expertise. Through the use of Microsoft Office Applications, Creative Cloud, and the Internet, students will learn how to use a computer productively and efficiently. The course will cover advanced keyboarding, word processing (MS Word), spreadsheets (MS Excel), presentations (MS PowerPoint), web design, beginning filmmaking (Creative Cloud), Adobe Photoshop, and Internet Explorer. This is the class to prepare you for college, a job, or give you the computer skills for everyday living.

GRAPHIC DESIGN 
(Grades 10-12)     (1 year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Available 17/18 (offered every other year)
Meets the PHS CTE concentration option College credit available through the 2+2+2 program (pending)
Prerequisite: Grade of "C" or better in both semesters of Integrated Technology/Career Education.
Would you like to become more skilled at editing pictures, videos or building web sites? This is the class for you. Whether you are interested in Digital Media as a career path, or just want to have fun with pictures and videos, this is an excellent class to take. In this course, students will learn a variety of programs within the area of digital media. The first semester will focus on graphic design with Photoshop (to create and edit images). The second semester will continue to build on Photoshop techniques and then transition into web design, starting with the basics in HTML and progressing to web based applications such as Dreamweaver (to create Web Sites).  Finally, students will be introduced to video editing with Power Director, and will learn the skills to create commercials and music videos.

INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGY/CAREER EDUCATION
(Grade 9) (1 year) (10 Credits) 
Required for all 9th grade students.
College credit available under the 2+2+2 program
This course meets the Computer Literacy graduation requirements upon full year completion. 
This is a beginning computer course that integrates career exploration. Upon completion of this course, students will gain an understanding of today’s technology in their academic, personal and career lives. Students will learn and use correct keyboarding technique to touch type, emphasizing the development of speed and accuracy. Keyboarding skills will be used for letters, reports, and other materials used in health and career curriculum. Computer applications within the course include using Microsoft Office for word processing, spreadsheet, presentations, desktop publishing, and web design. In addition, Internet information retrieval and the editing of photos and graphics are also introduced. Students will become familiar with computer terminology and equipment.  

MULTIMEDIA APPLICATIONS 
(Grade 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
College credit available under the 2+2+2 program
Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in both semesters of Advanced Computer Applications.
Multimedia Applications will encourage students to develop technology skills for research, communication, and presentation by learning to use techniques and equipment for studio production and broadcasting of audio, video, and computer generated presentations. Students will explore contemporary media from both a critical view and a productive viewpoint. Students will spend considerable time in hands-on personal projects, class assignments, and ongoing productions and should be motivated, self-starting, and creative problem-solving team players who are capable of meeting broadcast deadlines on time. Attendance at school sponsored activities and events may be required as well.

SMALL BUSINESS ENTREPRENEURSHIP (SAGE)
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
Prerequisite: Grade of "C" or better in both semesters of Integrated Technology/Career Education. Graphic Design is recommended.
This class gives students the opportunity to set up and run a simulated business. With the guidance of the instructor and real-world business partners, the students determine the nature of the business, its products, services, management, structure, and engage in daily business operations. Emphasis is placed on emulating good business practices using current business software, communications and the internet for business transactions. Students may participate in job-shadows to enhance their learning.

YEARBOOK 
(Grades 10-12)      (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in both semesters of Integrated Technology/Career Education. Completed application and instructor's approval.
Do you want to make and record PHS history?  Yearbook students plan, create, and market the school’s yearbook. Students learn photography, journalistic writing, Photoshop, graphic design and video editing, and use those skills to create the yearbook and DVD. Students also learn basic business and marketing skills, as they advertise and sell yearbooks and business ads within the book. Computer skills are highly recommended.  Students should be motivated, self-starting, and creative problem-solving team players who are capable of meeting deadlines on time. Attendance at school sponsored activities and events are often required. Special skills in writing, computers, photography, or design are a bonus. Students may take Yearbook multiple years as elective credit, and with experience may be promoted to editorial positions which will give them invaluable leadership skills.

Consumer & Family Studies

CHILD DEVELOPMENT 1
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE concentration option
*Concentration Course for the Child Development Pathway
College credit available under the 2+2+2 program
Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in both semesters of Life Management.
This course is designed to cover child care, parenting, principles of child growth and development, self-esteem, positive learning experiences, child guidance, storytelling, and creative play. Class activities will include off campus observation of children and visits of preschool children to the classroom.

CHILD DEVELOPMENT 2
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
*Capstone Course for the Child Development Pathway
Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in both semesters of Child Development.
This class is designed for students serious about involvement in child-related occupations. Students will learn about specific regulations and become prepared to meet entry-level licensing requirements. Providing for students with special needs will be covered. Students will spend significant time on location with child care providers operating in Paradise, so they will need to have transportation to those local care centers.

CULINARY ARTS 1
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE concentration option
Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in both semesters of Life Management.
This is a comprehensive, activity based foods and nutrition course that provides students with fundamentals in quality culinary skills. Students learn how to make healthy and nutritious foods based on nutritional guidelines. Main units of study are: food science principles, recipe math, safety and sanitation, preparation methods, and foods and nutrition career opportunities.
 
CULINARY ARTS 2
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in both semesters of Culinary Arts
This class is designed for students who love to cook and may be considering a career in the food industry. The emphasis will be on the preparation and presentation of ethnic and specialty foods.

FASHION DESIGN
(Grades 10-12) (1 Year) (10 Fine Arts Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE concentration option and a-g UC/CSU requirements
Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in both semesters of Life Management.
College credit available under the 2+2+2 program
Students will learn the skills necessary for a career in the fast-growing industry of fashion design. Students will learn how to design, sew, and re-style clothing; apply the elements and principles of design in various aspects of the fashion industry; understand the relationship between history and fashion; know the general characteristics, production, and maintenance of textiles and textile products; study and analyze fashion trends; understand the principles of apparel pattern making; demonstrate the skills and procedures necessary for sales and marketing in the fashion industry. Students will also have the experience of planning and presenting a fashion show. 

LIFE MANAGEMENT 
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Introductory course for these Career Pathways:
*Child Development
*Education
*Fashion Design and Merchandising
*Food Service and Hospitality
*Health
Learn how to take charge of and manage your life, better understand yourself, relate to and communicate with others, make decisions and set goals, and grow your 
character and leadership. Gain the knowledge and skills needed to take care of yourself and future family through a wide variety of activities including: hands on learning, discussions, demonstrations, speakers, career research, service-learning projects, and culinary experiences. Explore careers in some of California’s key industries including: Child Development; Consumer Services; Education; Family and Human Services; Fashion Design and Merchandising; Food Science, Dietetics and Nutrition; Food Service and Hospitality; 
Hospitality, Tourism, and Recreation; and Interior Design.

PEER COUNSELING 
(Grade 10-12) (1 Year)    (10 Elective Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
Prerequisite: Must maintain a 2.5 GPA in all subjects. Complete the application and recommendation process. Grade of “C” or better in both semesters of Life Management and Child Development is preferred.
This course is beneficial to students who are considering careers in the Child Development, Education, or Family and Human Services career pathways. Students considering careers in the Health and Medical field, Law Enforcement, or Fire Fighting will also benefit from the study of crisis and grief counseling. The three main elements of this course include: personal leadership and character development; basic communication, counseling and conflict mediation skills; and an in-depth study of numerous current teen, family, school and community issues. This course is designed for students who have a strong interest in contributing to a healthy school climate at Paradise High School through: teaching and presenting prevention programs; promoting activities, ideas and attitudes that lead students to healthy choices for physical, social and emotional wellbeing; providing social and emotional support and guidance for other students who are experiencing difficulty or struggling with decision making, relationships, or stress management; and helping other students to acquire the Developmental Assets needed for resilience. Students will apply their knowledge and skills gained through this course, by providing individual student support as well as prevention education activities. 

English

ENGLISH 9
(Grade 9)   (1 Year) (10 Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
English 9 is required for all freshman. Students receive instruction in composition and grammar skills, speech and listening skills, plus a guided study of several literary forms. Independent reading in books from approved lists is expected of all students. Writing instruction will emphasize a variety of short common writing forms such as narrative, informational, expository, and argumentative writing. Speaking standards addressed will include outlining and preparation skills, small group discussions, multi-media presentations, and formal speeches. Students will sharpen listening skills by developing their abilities to understand and respond appropriately to a wide variety of oral experiences. The study of literature will cover novels, plays, poetry, and many short selections, both fiction and nonfiction.

ENGLISH 10
(Grade 10)    (1 Year)   (10 Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
English 10 is required for all sophomores. The course objectives will build upon those introduced in English 9.
The writing objectives emphasize the essay. Students develop new vocabulary, increase proofreading skills, and demonstrate research and documentation skills. The literature objectives include novels, plays, poetry, and selected readings, both fiction and nonfiction. Writing instruction will emphasize a variety of short common writing forms such as narrative, informational, expository, and argumentative writing. Speaking standards addressed will include outlining and preparation skills, small group discussions, multi-media presentations, and formal speeches. Students will sharpen listening skills by developing their abilities to understand and respond appropriately to a wide variety of oral experiences.

ENGLISH 11
(Grade 11)             (1 Year)   (10 Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
English 11 is required for all juniors. The course objectives will build upon those introduced in English 9 and 10 with strong emphasis on argument and persuasion, writing skills, nonfiction texts, and various texts or excerpts of American literature. The literature objectives include novels, plays, poetry, and selected readings, both fiction and nonfiction. The writing objectives will emphasize academic writing, and will include narrative, informational, expository, and argumentative writing.  Students further develop new vocabulary, increase proofreading skills, and demonstrate research and documentation skills. Students will develop speaking skills with formal and informal presentations, small group discussions, and work in pairs. Students will sharpen listening skills by developing their abilities to understand and respond appropriately to a wide variety of oral experiences.  

ENGLISH 12
(Grade 12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
English 12 is required for all seniors. The course objectives will build upon those introduced in English 9, 10, and 11 with strong emphasis on world literature, writing skills, the completion of a career portfolio, and a Senior Project. The Senior Project requires the successful completion of an approved project involving at least 15 hours of time, a reflective paper, and a 10 minute oral presentation before a select panel of judges. 

ENGLISH 12 Expository Reading and Writing (ERWC)
(Grade 12)    (1 Year)  (10 Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
English 12 is required for all seniors. The goal of the English 12: Expository Reading and Writing Course is to prepare college-bound seniors for the literary demands of higher education. Through a sequence of fourteen rigorous instructional modules, students in this yearlong, rhetoric-based course develop advanced proficiency in expository, analytical, and argumentative reading and writing. The cornerstone of the course presents a process for helping students read, comprehend, and respond to nonfiction and literary texts. Modules also provide instruction in research methods and documentation conventions. Students will read closely to examine the relationship between an author’s argument or theme and his/her audience and purpose; to analyze the impact of structural and rhetorical strategies; and to examine the social, political, and philosophical assumptions that underlie the text. If a student has received a conditional exempt on the EAP test, and earns a C+ or better in the course, he or she will be qualified to take college-level English at a CSU or some Community Colleges in the State of California. Students will also complete a Senior Project.

PUBLIC SPEAKING 
(Grade 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
College credit available under the 2+2+2 program
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "C" grade in English 10-11.
Public Speaking is an elective class in which students develop skills necessary for formal speech presentation, human communication and critical thinking. Students will study and present informative, persuasive, demonstration and impromptu speeches. They will also study and present oral interpretations of literature. Students will be able to earn transferable Butte College credit while enrolled in the class as long as they receive a minimum of a “B” in both semesters. 

STRATEGIC SUPPORT LANGUAGE ARTS
(Grades 9-10)   (1 Year)       (10 Elective Credits)
Prerequisite: Open to students who have scored two years below grade level on standardized assessments and with at least 90% attendance. Teacher and counselor approval is required.
This course is designed for students who need reading strategies to help with: reading fluency and comprehension, navigating workplace documents, comprehending informational and non-fiction materials, critical analysis of texts, evaluating arguments, academic writing, and persuasive and expository writing. Students will learn skills such as note-taking using Cornell notes, annotation, summary writing, outlining, essay writing, sentence-combining, mechanics and vocabulary.

CREATIVE WRITING
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)   (10 Elective Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite:  The student has received passing grades in previous English classes.
In this student-centered elective course students will have opportunities to explore methods of writing different genres of literature including short stories, poems, historical fiction, scriptwriting, plays, creative non-fiction, literary criticisms, and personal narratives. Students will study rhetorical techniques, such as parallelism, figures of speech, allusion, symbolism, and imagery. They will become critics of writing imitation of various authors. Students will utilize word processing and multimedia presentations. This course is for students interested in exploring how poetry, short stories, historical fiction, scriptwriting, plays, personal narratives and creative non-fiction can express ideas and emotions.
 
ADVANCED CREATIVE WRITING
(Grades 10-12)    (1 Year)   (10 Elective Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite:  The student has received a grade of “C” or better in Creative Writing.
In this student-centered elective course students will have opportunities to further refine their writing craft by delving into multiple genres of creative writing.  This course will include significant reading, writing and advanced exploration of form and techniques.  Students will attempt to publish while in this course.  Students will take the tools they acquired in Creative Writing and use them in more sophisticated ways to achieve mature, polished writing.  Students will utilize word processing.  Writers need to be eager to experiment in different literary forms and to share their work with an audience.  In both large-format craft talks and small workshop sections, we will discuss tensions between the aesthetic and communicative values of words, the importance of a self-critical faculty in revision, and the demands of finding one's own voice. This course is designed for fiction students who are familiar in the elements of the craft. 
 
English Honors/AP Program
Vertical Teaming is a concept introduced by the College Board to increase student enrollment and improve student success in AP classes. The College Board emphasizes that the single greatest predictor of a student's success in college is the number of AP classes s/he has taken, regardless of passing or not. Vertical teaming of English Honors classes with AP English classes will occur in order to ensure that each year builds on the information and skills needed for the next year and for preparation for college.

ENGLISH 9 HONORS 
(Grade 9)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisites: A grade of "C" or better must be maintained or student may be transferred to English 9 upon teacher recommendation.
English 9 Honors is an accelerated class for college preparatory students. Students must successfully complete summer reading and writing requirements prior to the start of class in order to remain enrolled. The class follows the basic English 9 course of study however, the class covers more literature in depth, demands a higher standard of writing, and a genuine commitment to learning. An Honors distinction is not a weighted grade in English 9 Honors.

ENGLISH 10 HONORS
(Grade 10)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
English 10 Honors is an accelerated class for college preparatory students who have demonstrated high achievement in previous English classes. Students must successfully complete summer reading and writing requirements prior to the start of class in order to remain enrolled. The purpose of the class is to provide language arts enrichment, with emphasis on significant literature and literature-based writing in accordance with the University of California guidelines. Course content and skills are designed to prepare the students for Advanced Placement courses.  An Honors distinction is not a weighted grade in English 10 Honors. 

Advanced Placement English Courses
AP courses offer an opportunity for students to complete college level work while attending high school. Most colleges and universities award credit to students with satisfactory performance on the Advanced Placement exams. This credit may allow college English majors to pursue more advanced classes or qualify as an English requirement for non-English majors.

ADVANCED PLACEMENT 
ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION 

(Grade 11 or 12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisites: It is recommended that a student have an "A" average in English 10/11 or a "B" or better average in Honors English, along with teacher recommendation. Students must successfully complete summer reading, if assigned, and any writing requirements prior to the start of class in order to remain enrolled. 
It is expected that students already understand and use Standard English grammar, be avid and enthusiastic readers, demonstrate basic grammatical skills, and be interested in developing stylistic maturity by reading and practicing writing in a variety of modes for a variety of purposes and audiences. 
Students must maintain a C or better in the first semester to remain enrolled in the course. If a C or better is not maintained by the end of the first semester, it is up to the discretion of the teacher to determine whether or not the student will remain enrolled in the course.
This is a composition class, and therefore is not structured the same (literature-based units) as English 9 or 10. In this class, students will become proficient in the areas of rhetorical analysis, argument and persuasion, reading and analysis of nonfiction writing and some selections from American literature, oral communication through discussion, and critical thinking development. This course is designed to prepare students for college level composition classes and the Advanced Placement Exam in Language and Composition. The course is designed to give students ample opportunity to grow and practice the skills needed for success with the exam, but the class is not simply a test prep class, and students will likely need to augment class preparation with meaningful preparation of their own as the exam date nears. Materials, resources, and outside-of-class opportunities will be provided, but students will need to be personally invested in the process and take advantage of such opportunities. Short readings will be covered in class, but students are also expected to read outside of class, and many of the longer texts will be outside assignments requiring time management, close reading, and careful documentation of ideas. Given the rigorous demands of this course and corresponding exam, students will meet and exceed the expectations of 11th grade English-Language Arts Standards for the State of California throughout the year.

ADVANCED PLACEMENT 
ENGLISH LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION
 
(Grade 11 or 12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: It is recommended that a student have an "A" average in English 10/11 or a "B" or better average in AP English 11 and the recommendation of the teacher; successful completion of the summer reading and writing requirements by the first day of class; and a minimum score of 75% on a test covering the summer readings. It is strongly recommended that students score at least in the 75th percentile in language arts on the PSAT and/or over 500 on the SAT.
The AP course in English Literature and Composition is a college-level course. Students develop critical standards for interpreting the effects writers create by means of artful manipulation of language. Writing will be an integral part of this course as the AP examination is weighted toward student writing about literature. Writing assignments will focus on the critical analysis of literature and will include expository, analytical, and argumentative essays. Students should also understand that this course will require a significant commitment of extra time. All students enrolled in AP courses are highly encouraged to take the corresponding AP examination. Students are charged $93 per test by the College Board. Financial assistance is available based on need. A score of 3 or higher (out of 5) may be awarded 3 units of college credits and meets the English requirements of many colleges and universities. For GPA purposes, honors points are earned with a "C" or better.

Industrial Technology

TODAY'S TECHNOLOGY 
(Grades 9-10)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
This course is designed to give the student an introduction to the basic principles and disciplines which make up the foundations of today's technology and manufacturing industries. Students will rotate during the year between the following six units:
  • ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN 
    Engineering & Architectural design students will learn about the tools of the trade and their fundamental use. They will be instructed in sketching, as well as instrument drawings, to include orthographic projects and pictorial drawing.
  • AUTOMOTIVE
    In this unit students will be involved in basic instruction in automotive technology. There will be emphasis on the fundamentals of automotive and the role in which technology continues to shape the advancement of transportation.
  • INTRODUCTION TO MANUFACTURING 
    A beginning course that teaches the fundamentals of working with metal and wood. Students will acquire new knowledge, develop awareness of their individual interests and abilities, and apply the skills learned in other disciplines. General materials safety and power tool safety instruction will progress as students are guided through a series of projects.
  • COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY
    Students will learn about a wide variety of both hardware and software. The emphasis will be on basic knowledge of today’s computer systems as well as the advancing technologies that are being developed currently.
  • INTRODUCTION TO ROBOTICS
    This unit presents an overview of robotics in practice and research with topics including vision, motion planning, mobile mechanisms, kinematics, inverse kinematics, and sensors. This course will also expose students to some of the contemporary happenings in robotics, including current robotics research, applications, robot contests and robot web surfing.
  • ENERGY
    This section explores conventional generation of electricity (coal-fired, hydroelectric, etc.) as well as nuclear, wind and solar production. Emphasis is given to how each type of production affects our environment and its role in global warming. Also covered are A/C vs. D/C for home use where solar electricity is used.

    ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN 
    (Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
    Meets the PHS CTE concentration option
    College credit available under the 2+2+2 program Prerequisite: Grade of "C" or better in both semesters of Today’s Tech.
    Students will learn the fundamentals of engineering design. AutoCad will be taught since it is the most widely used Computer Aided Drafting program in the world. Students will also learn how to design and draw complete architectural plans for a residential building. These plans will include all of the necessary pages to be submitted to any building department. A culmination 1st semester project will include the design and construction of a model miniature bridge. A culmination 2nd semester project will include the design and construction of a miniature house. UC and CSU consider this class a suggested prerequisite for engineering and architectural majors.
ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING 
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
College credit available under the 2+2+2 program
Prerequisite: Grade of "B" or better in both semesters of Engineering & Architectural Design
AutoCad will continue to be emphasized since it is the most widely used Computer Aided Drafting program.  This class is designed to provide the student with the skills and knowledge to be able to design and draw single-family residential floor plans and support drawings. These plans will include all of the necessary pages to be submitted to any building department. Emphasis is placed on design and presentation. Student awareness of good residential planning is stressed. Model building of student-designed projects will be optional. Care and use of drawing equipment and media is also covered.

AUTO 1
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
College credit available under the 2+2+2 program
Meets the PHS CTE concentration option
Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in both semesters of Today’s Tech.
In this class, students will be involved in the fundamentals of small gas engines, automobile engines, and the various parts of an automobile. The safety of working in an auto shop and the safe use of machines, hand tools, and test equipment will be stressed. Two days a week, instruction will be lecture and testing; three days a week, students will work on individual projects. A notebook is required in order to take notes, keep technical reports, job sheets, and course objectives. Preventative maintenance and tune-up is a vital part of this course. It will be the student's responsibility to furnish his/her own project. A project is required.

ADVANCED AUTO
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a “C” grade in both semesters of Auto 1 or with instructor approval.
In this course, students extend knowledge and skills acquired in Auto 1 through educational media. Areas covered include specific service and repair, overhaul procedures covering automotive engines, lubrication, cooling, fuel, electrical suspension, steering and braking systems, clutches, standard transmissions, overdrives, automatic transmissions, drive lines, rear axles and differentials, tires, tubes and wheel balancing, exhaust and crankcase emission control systems, and air-conditioning, diesel/turbo-charging, autobody orientation and emphasis on career awareness and A.S.E. State Certification are stressed. Attention is given to acquisition of skill, judgment, and craftsmanship. Safe work practices are emphasized.

WOOD MANUFACTURING 
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)      (10 Elective Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE concentration option
Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in both semesters of Today’s Tech.
Students will learn the basics of wood manufacturing in a hands-on manner through the construction of several projects during the year. Some of these projects will be done using traditional woodworking methods and others will be done using a state of the art computer controlled router. This machine can be programmed to manufacture hundreds of projects in succession. Students will also be able to design and build projects of their choice throughout the school year. 

ADVANCED WOOD MANUFACTURING 
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)       (10 Elective Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
Prerequisite: Grade of "C" or better in both semesters of Wood Manufacturing.
This course offers advanced students the opportunity to further their skills and explore concepts in advanced applications. Students will be required to complete three assigned projects of their choice. An additional year (with new assignments) of Advanced Wood may be taken if the student has earned a "B" grade or better during the second semester of the preceding year. Instruction will cover a wide variety of subjects from basic review to furniture and finishing processes. This course gives the serious minded student an excellent opportunity to develop advanced manufacturing skills and cabinet making.

Mathematics

COLLEGE PREP/RECOMMENDATIONS FOR 4 YEAR COLLEGE ACCEPTANCE: 3 years minimum with a grade of "C" or better all semesters. CSU and UC require: Math 1, Math 2, Math 3. For UC, Pre-Calculus, AP Calculus or AP Statistics are recommended.

Course Repeats: Unsatisfactory Grades 
A student may repeat a course in which a below average grade of "D" or "F" was earned. However, credit will not be issued twice for the same course. Credit for the first course will be counted as elective credit. The higher grade will be counted in the GPA. The transcript will show the entire record with the repeated course being designated with an "R." If a student plans to attend the University of California, the UC system will not allow a grade earned in a repeated course to be counted higher than a "C" from the 10th grade year on.

Math Placement/Course Changes 
The basis for placement in PHS math courses starts with a recommendation from the middle schools. These recommendations are based on an assessment process conducted by middle school math teachers. Parents wishing to override these recommendations will be asked to sign a form stating that they realize course changes may not be possible later in the year and that there is some risk that their student may not be ready for the higher level course. Students may initiate academic math class changes only during the first week of school. Math teachers will conduct frequent assessments of student performance within the first six week grading period to insure alignment between a student's ability and the content demands of the course. Teachers may initiate class changes during the first six weeks of school. 

FOUNDATIONAL MATH 
(Grades 9-10)     (10 Credits)
Prerequisite: For 8th and 9th grade students who had a “D” or lower in their previous math class.
Foundational Math is a class for students who require additional math support and skill development prior to enrolling in Math 1. This course provides students with additional opportunities to master basic math concepts. CA Dept. of Education requires all students to pass Math 1 in order to graduate.

MATH 1
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits)
All students must successfully complete this course as a graduation requirement.
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite (incoming freshmen only): Must have a “C” or better in both semesters of 8th grade math. If coming from Foundational Math, must have a “C” or better, or with a “D”, must have teacher recommendation.
Math 1 is the first in a sequence of UC/CSU math classes (replacing Algebra 1). Students receive instruction in traditional topics from algebra, geometry, probability, and statistics in a problem-centered, connected approach. Students will be expected to describe and translate among graphic, algebraic, numeric, tabular, and verbal representations of relationships and use those representations to solve problems. Appropriate technology, from manipulatives to calculators and application software, will be used regularly for instruction and assessment. CA Dept. of Education requires all students to pass Math 1 in order to graduate.

MATH 1 HONORS
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite (incoming freshmen only): Student must have a “B” or better in both semesters of 8th grade math.
Math 1 Honors is the first in an honors sequence of UC/CSU approved math classes. Students receive instruction in traditional topics from algebra, geometry, probability, and statistics in a problem-centered, connected approach. Students will be expected to describe and translate among graphic, algebraic, numeric, tabular, and verbal representations of relationships and use those representations to solve problems. The course is expanded with more challenging assessments, optional exercises, and threaded discussions that allow students to explore and connect Math 1 concepts. Appropriate technology, from manipulatives to calculators and application software, will be used regularly for instruction and assessment. CA Dept. of Education requires all students to pass Math 1 in order to graduate. An Honors distinction is not a weighted grade in Math 1 Honors.

MATH 1 BRIDGE
(Grades 10-11)      (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Prerequisite: 10th grade students who have completed Math 1 with a “D” grade.
This course is designed to meet the second year math requirement for students who have completed Math 1 with a “D” grade. This course is for students who are not ready to handle the rigors of Math 2. Units include: review of Math 1 concepts and skills, number sense, statistics, data analysis and probability, algebra and functions, measurement and geometry, and mathematical reasoning.

MATH 2
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: Completed Math 1, or Math 1 Honors, with a “C” or better in both semesters.
Math 2 is the second integrated course in our three-year integrated math series.  Math 2 is broken into three main concepts:  algebra, geometry, and probability and statistics.  Geometry topics include (but are not limited to): angle relationships, theorems and postulates, properties of triangles, the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse, transformations, circles and volume.  Algebra topics include (but are not limited to): quadratics, complex number system, piecewise functions, inverses, and equations of circles.  Probability and statistics topics include (but are not limited to): probability models to describe real world situations to find expected values, compound probabilities, fundamental counting principle, combinations and permutations. CA Dept. of Education requires all students to pass Math 1 in order to graduate.

MATH 2 HONORS
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: Math 1 Honors with a “B” or better in both semesters, or Math 1 with an “A” both semesters and teacher recommendation.
Math 2 Honors is the second accelerated integrated course in our three-year accelerated integrated math series.  Math 2 Honors follows the Math 2 course of study, however the class also covers trigonometry.  The class demands a higher standard of problem-solving and a genuine commitment to learning.  If a student continues on the Honors track they will also be introduced to pre-calculus concepts each year which will enable them to take AP Calculus and/or AP Statistics. An Honors distinction is not a weighted grade in Math 2 Honors.

FINANCIAL LITERACY
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits)
PENDING qualification to meet a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: The student must have passed Math 1.
Financial Literacy is a math option for students who want to learn to use mathematics effectively as a tool in their personal and business lives. Real-world topics covered by these standards include the following: earning an income; understanding state and federal taxes; banking and financial services; balancing a checkbook; savings and investing; planning for retirement; understanding loans and borrowing money, including predatory lending and payday loans; understanding interest, credit card debt, and online commerce; identity fraud and theft; rights and responsibilities of renting or buying a home; and understanding insurance.

MATH 3
(Grades 10-12)      (1 Year)     (10 Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: Math 2, or Math 2 Honors, with a letter grade of C or better in both semesters.
This course is designed so that students have the opportunity to pull together and apply the accumulation of mathematics concepts previously learned. They apply methods from probability and statistics to draw inferences and conclusions from data. Students expand their repertoire of functions to include polynomial, rational, and radical functions, including an intense study of families of functions and the relationships therein. They expand their study of right triangle trigonometry to include general triangles and in the study of trigonometric functions to model simple periodic phenomena. Finally, students bring together all of their experience with functions and geometry to create models and solve contextual problems. Appropriate technology and tools, including manipulatives and calculators, will be used regularly for instruction and assessment. The Standard for Mathematical Practice apply throughout each course and, together with the content standards, require that students experience mathematics as a coherent, useful, and logical subject that means use of their ability to make sense of problems situations.
 
Advanced Placement Math Course 
AP courses offer an opportunity for students to complete college level work while attending high school. Most colleges and universities award credit to students with satisfactory performance on the Advanced Placement exams. This credit may allow college math majors to pursue more advanced classes or qualify as a math requirement for non-math majors. Classroom versions of each are offered every other year with an on-line offering in the alternate year.  

AP CALCULUS
(Grade 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets an a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Classroom 18/19 (On-line 17/18)
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "B" grade in both semesters in Pre-calculus.
Topics covered will be those in the Advanced Placement Syllabus of the College Board's AP Calculus. These include elementary functions, differential calculus, integral calculus, sequences and series, and elementary differential equations. 

AP STATISTICS
Grade 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets an a-g UC/CSU requirement (pending)
Classroom 17/18 (On-line 18/19)
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "C" grade in both semesters in Pre-calculus or Math 3.
The purpose of the AP course in statistics is to introduce students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions from data. Students are exposed to four broad conceptual themes: 

1. Exploring Data: Describing patterns and departures from patterns 
2. Sampling and Experimentation: Planning and conducting a study 
3. Anticipating Patterns: Exploring random phenomena using probability and simulation 
4. Statistical Inference: Estimating population parameters and testing hypotheses 

All students enrolled in AP courses are highly encouraged to take the corresponding AP examination. Students are charged $93 per test by the College Board. Financial assistance is available based on need. A score of 3 or higher (out of 5) may be awarded 3 units of college credits and may meet one of the basic math requirements of many colleges and universities. For GPA purposes, honors points are earned with a "C" or better.

Non-Departmental

AVID 9 (Advancement Via Individual Determination)
(Grade 9) (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
PENDING qualification to meet a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: Application process, GPA of 2.0 or above upon enrollment and a student’s personal goal of attending a 4-year college or university.
Do you want to go to college after high school? AVID is the program for you! This college preparedness and readiness course is designed to provide students with the necessary writing, reading, and study skills known to be beneficial for success in college. The AVID student will receive academic instruction and personal support, including from college tutors, who will assist the student in academic tutorial sessions two times per week. In addition, the AVID student receives intensive college placement test preparation, information on colleges, tours of colleges, instruction in note-taking, organization, time management, and goal setting. Students will be involved in team building, academic inquiry, collaboration, and community service. College and career speakers come to class frequently to discuss what the “real world” is like and how students can prepare NOW to be successful! Emphasis is placed on personal responsibility, character building and answering the question, “What can I do to be successful in college?”

AVID 10 (Advancement Via Individual Determination)
(Grade 10) (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
PENDING qualification to meet a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: Application process, GPA of 2.0 or above upon enrollment and a student’s personal goal of attending a 4-year college or university. New students may enter the AVID program as sophomores with the AVID Coordinator’s approval, a minimum GPA of 2.0, and concurrent enrollment in courses fulfilling the UC/CSU a-g requirements.
AVID 10 is the second of a 4-course series to launch students into college. Nationwide, more than 80% of AVID high school graduates successfully navigate a 4-year university. Through the use of school best practices, participants in this program can expect to learn what it takes to be a successful college student. Guest speakers from a host of colleges will visit to share their experience and advice, and students can expect to visit colleges personally as well. Daily instruction includes specific skills and strategies as well as cooperative learning, Socratic seminar, debate, and watching videos of inspirational, true life stories. Tutoring is provided by college tutors twice a week. AVID is not for everyone, just everyone who knows they want to successfully complete a 4-year college!

AVID 11 (Advancement Via Individual Determination)
(Grade 11) (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
PENDING qualification to meet a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: Application process, GPA of 2.0 or above upon enrollment and a student’s personal goal of attending a 4-year college or university. New students may enter the AVID program as juniors with the AVID Coordinator’s approval, a minimum GPA of 2.0, and concurrent enrollment in courses fulfilling the UC/CSU a-g requirements.
AVID 11 is an elective course designed to support and assist selected junior students with their college preparatory curriculum. The program’s goal is that every student reaches his or her potential, both as a student and as a citizen, and that he or she attends a four-year institution of higher education in preparation for professional success. 60% of the classes per week will be dedicated to the AVID curriculum – a curriculum that revolves around writing as a tool for learning, study skills, college testing preparation, SAT, ACT, college/career research, internet research and skills, Socratic Seminars/Philosophical Chairs, personal growth, and various strategies for success. 40% of the class the tutorial groups and tutors will focus on practicing critical thinking skills through collaborative groups by exploring deeper into material from other classes.

AVID 12 (Advancement Via Individual Determination)
(Grade 12) (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
PENDING qualification to meet a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: Application process, GPA of 2.0 or above upon enrollment and a student’s personal goal of attending a 4-year college or university. New students may enter the AVID program as juniors with the AVID Coordinator’s approval, a minimum GPA of 2.0, and concurrent enrollment in courses fulfilling the UC/CSU a-g requirements.
This fourth sequence of Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID) is an academic elective course that prepares students for college readiness and success, and it is scheduled during the regular school day as a year-long course. In the 12th grade year, students will continue to refine their academic learning plans and goals, create legacy projects including service learning projects/mentoring, as well as develop an increased ability to self-monitor, self-regulate, and manage time. Students will expand their writing portfolio to include: an argumentative research paper on a social issue and detailed reflections. In addition to the academic focus of the AVID senior seminar, there are college‐bound activities, methodologies and tasks that should be achieved during the senior year that support students as they apply to four‐year universities and confirm their postsecondary plans. Students will be involved in applying for four-year universities and colleges as well as financial aid and scholarships as part of the course.  

EMERGENCY MEDICAL SKILLS 
(Grades 10-12) (1 Year) (10 Elective Credits) 
Meets the PHS CTE concentration option
Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in both semesters of Integrated Technology/Career Education.
This class will allow students to learn advanced first aid and CPR.  At the end of the year the students will have the opportunity to earn a first aid and CPR card.  More than just a regular first aid class, this class will teach about different situations that a first responder might see in the field, how to interact with patients and their families, and how to treat a variety of emergency medical situations.  The instructor has 23 years of experience in the firefighting/medical response field and will be applying real life scenarios for an extra boost of fun!  This class is part of the PHS medical pathway courses.
 
ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE 
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
Prerequisite: Eligibility is determined according to state guidelines and CELDT (California English Language Development Test) results.
A small group setting provides non-English and limited English speaking students with help to improve their English speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills. Help is also provided for homework, understanding reading materials, preparing for tests, explanation of test questions, and extra time to complete tests. Support is given for the cultural adjustment of these students as well.

LINK CREW
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
Prerequisite: Must have a minimum 90% attendance rate for the previous fall and spring semester. Must have no D and/or F grades in any subject for the previous fall and spring semester; application & interview req’d.
Grades of D and/or F in any subject for any grading period will result in academic probation within the Link Crew class and Link Crew program. Academic probation includes, but is not limited to: no participation in Link Crew events such as rallies, dances, during-school and after-school events, and excusal from scheduled classes. Grades of D and/or F in any subject at the end of fall and/or spring semester will result in the removal of the student from the Link Crew class and Link Crew program
This program is designed for students who have a strong interest in serving their school by promoting a healthy school climate and helping and supporting freshmen. The main elements of this program include leadership development, peer mentoring, communication and listening skills, team building, community building, activity planning, organization, and time management. Students will apply the knowledge and skills gained in this program by providing individual student support and mentoring, and promoting a positive school culture to help freshmen and transfer students gain a connection to PHS. A significant amount of time outside of class will be required throughout the year including, but not limited to: summer training, participation in freshmen orientation and after school activities coordinated by Link Crew.

PROJECT LEAD THE WAY (PLTW)
PLTW Engineering is about applying engineering, science, math, and technology to solve complex, open-ended problems in a real-world context. Students focus on the process of defining and solving a problem, not on getting the "right" answer. They learn how to apply STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) knowledge, skills, and habits of mind to make the world a better place through innovation.
  • INTRODUCTION TO ENGINEERING DESIGN(Project Lead the Way-PLTW)
    (Grade 9)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
    Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
    This course is designed for the student interested in an engineering related field of study. The major focus of this course is to expose students to the design process, research and analysis, teamwork, various communication methods, engineering standards, and technical documentation. Through hands-on projects, students apply engineering standards while documenting their work in design. Students use industry standard 3D modeling software to help design solutions to solve proposed problems, document their work using an engineer’s notebook, and communicate solutions to peers and members of the professional community. This course assumes no previous knowledge and is open to all 9th grade students.
  • PRINCIPLES OF ENGINEERING(Project Lead the Way-PLTW-Year 2)
    (Grade 10)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
    Meets the PHS CTE concentration option
    Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
    Prerequisite: The student has successfully completed PLTW year 1: Introduction to Engineering.
    Go beyond “myth buster” to solution builder! This course is the second of three foundation courses in the PLTW high school engineering program. The course applies concurrently developed secondary knowledge and skills in mathematics, science, and technology. Course of study includes: Mechanisms, Energy Sources, Energy Applications, Machine Control, Fluid Power, Statics, Material Properties, Material Testing, Statistics, and Kinematics. Students develop skills in problem solving, research, and design while learning strategies for design process documentation, collaboration, and presentation.
  • COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING (Project Lead the Way-PLTW-Year 3)
    (Grade 11)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
    Meets the PHS CTE concentration option
    Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
    Prerequisite: The student has successfully completed PLTW year 1: Introduction to Engineering and PLTW year 2: Principles of Engineering.
    Manufactured items are part of everyday life, yet most students have not been introduced to the high-tech, innovative nature of modern manufacturing. This course illuminates the opportunities related to understanding manufacturing. At the same time, it teaches students about manufacturing processes, product design, robotics, and automation. Students can earn a virtual manufacturing badge recognized by the National Manufacturing Badge system.
  • ENGINEERING DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT (Project Lead the Way-PLTW-Year 4)
    (Grade 12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
    Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
    Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement (pending)
    Prerequisite: The student has successfully completed PLTW year 1: Introduction to Engineering, PLTW year 2: Principles of Engineering and PLTW 3: Computer Integrated Manufacturing.
    This capstone course allows students to design a solution to a technical problem of their choosing. They have the chance to eliminate one of the “Don’t you hate it when…” statements of the world. This is an engineering research course in which students will work in teams to research, design, test and construct a solution to an open-ended engineering problem. The product development life cycle and a design process are used to guide and help the team to reach a solution to the problem. The team presents and defends their solution to a panel of outside reviewers at the conclusion of the course. The EDD course allows students to apply all the skills and knowledge learned in previous Project Lead The Way courses. The use of 3D design software helps students design solutions to the problem their team has chosen. This course also engages students in time management and teamwork skills, a valuable set for students in the future. This course is designed for 12th grade students.
MEDICAL & HOSPITAL CAREERS
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (20 Elective Credits) 
Meets the PHS CTE capstone option
Prerequisite: Complete the application process. Preference is given to students who have taken Emergency Medical Skills (EMS) or Anatomy.
This course is designed to train students in basic health facility skills, job preparedness, safety, CPR, nutrition and medical terminology. Students learn entry-level skills in hospital and medical services. On-the-job training may take place in x-ray, emergency room, physical therapy, respiratory therapy, medical records, cardiology, central supply, environmental services, dietary and other auxiliary medical occupations.

STUDENT LEADERSHIP 
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Prerequisite: Must maintain a 3.0 GPA in all subjects.
Interested students must complete an application, three teacher recommendations, and interview. This class will teach leadership skills as applied to a wide variety of school activities. Students will be involved with planning rallies, dances, social projects, and other events, including the day to day projects that help keep the school running. A significant amount of time outside of class will be required (approximately 20 hours per semester). The student does not have to be a class officer to enroll, but all ASB officers must be enrolled in this class. This class is limited to 30 students.

Physical Education

**A PHS physical education uniform is required for all students enrolled in PE classes. 
 
INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL EDUCATION 
(Grade 9)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Required for all 9th grade students. All students must successfully complete this course as a graduation requirement.
Emphasis is on a physical fitness program which includes learning fundamental skills in a variety of activities. In each activity, the student is acquainted with the background, fundamentals, rules, and acceptable behavior. This is accomplished through participation in a variety of team and individual sports activities. Cooperation, participation, and general attitude toward physical activity are vital factors in the course.

AEROBICS AND BODY STRENGTHENING 
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits)
Prerequisite: Pass Intro to PE
This course is open to all 10-12 grade students who wish to study the principles and experience the benefits of aerobic and resistance training for total body fitness. Students will participate in a variety of activities such as Steps, Cardio-Kickboxing, Interval Training, Zumba, PowerJam, Yoga and much more. Students will learn the benefits of cardiovascular fitness and resistance training, how to assess their individual fitness levels, best nutrition practices and how to set up their own personal fitness programs. 

NET GAMES 
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Prerequisite: Pass Intro to PE
This course is open to all 10-12 grade students who wish to learn advanced tactics in volleyball, tennis, pickle ball, badminton, and volley-tennis. While the focus is primarily on activities involving nets, floor hockey, lacrosse, basketball, soccer and speedminton units are also included. Students will learn advanced skills, rules, and strategies for all phases of these activities. This class will focus on improving each individual's fitness and skill level through competitive game play. 

WEIGHT TRAINING 
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Prerequisite: Pass Intro to PE
This class is open to all 10-12 grade students who want to engage in an active weight training and conditioning program.
Students will learn how to design individual programs, how to work with others, and how to train for specific physical results. They will learn about the human body’s muscular system and its development and about the bones and how they relate to movement. Students will learn about self-discipline and its importance in personal fitness. 

ATHLETIC CONDITIONING AND WEIGHT TRAINING
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits)
Prerequisite: Pass Intro to PE. Enrollment will be based on the following priority: 1) 11-12 grade athletes who participate in multiple sports. 2) 11-12 grade athletes who participate in a single sport. 3) 10 grade athletes who participate in multiple sports. 4) 10 grade athletes who participate in a single sport.
This is co-ed strength training, conditioning, and skill development physical education class offered for athletes participating in extracurricular sports. Athletes will participate daily in a strength or conditioning workout. The environment will be closely supervised, progress recorded, and tailored to the individual needs of the athlete. The environment will be intense in nature with the ultimate goal being to develop each student to his or her physical peak. Nutrition concepts related to personal performance will be covered.

ELEMENTARY P.E. EDUCATION
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Prerequisite: Student is responsible for own transportation to and from elementary sites 2 days per week and teacher approval. Students must have excellent attendance to enroll in this class.
If you're thinking of becoming a teacher, or you just enjoy working with kids, this is the class for you! Elementary Physical Education offers students an opportunity to not only work on their own personal fitness, but to take the next step and teach elementary students fun and exciting activities that will inspire them to be more physically active. This class will be offered first period. Each student enrolled in this class will meet at PHS three days and then at their assigned elementary school twice a week.  Students can opt to take this class for either physical education or elective credits.

School Service

In this program, students work in various assigned areas within the operation of the school. The assignments are non-paid; however, they do have certain benefits, including on-the-job training and experience before a student moves into the regular labor market; providing a source for future recommendations and job references; allowing students to assume more responsibility; and providing an opportunity for students to test their skills and attitudes. A student may enroll in only one school service course each semester. A maximum of 10 school service credits may be applied toward elective credit graduation requirements. Signed parent permission is required to take service classes. Students must be on track to graduate to qualify for entrance into these courses.

CAMPUS ASSISTANT 
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
Prerequisites: Must maintain a 2.0 GPA in all subjects. 1) A willingness to work and a positive attitude. 2) A willingness to take direction and learn various related skills. 3) Be reliable in attendance.  Students must have the approval of the job supervisor before an assignment can be made.
As a Campus Assistant students can be assigned to various areas including cafeteria, kitchen, or school grounds.

LIBRARY ASSISTANT 
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)    (10 Elective Credits)
Prerequisite: Must maintain a 2.0 GPA in all subjects. Knowledge of computers and approval of library staff.
This course is an on-the-job experience in library operation focusing on technology. Duties will include: computerized book checkout, computer use of various library software, maintenance of a bulletin board system, instructing other students on research systems (CD ROM and telecommunications software), training in basic troubleshooting for computers and video operations, general information assistance for other students, and proper shelving of materials.  

OFFICE ASSISTANT 
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
Prerequisite: Must maintain a 2.5 GPA in all subjects. Students must qualify for admittance to this program before assignment and placement are determined. The following are suggested qualifications: A student must have an acceptable record of performance at Paradise High School and be regular in attendance.
The Office Assistant class is an on-the-job educational experience. This class emphasizes such skills as keyboarding, filing, sorting, duplicating documents and reports, and acting as a receptionist. Students are placed in on-campus offices offering clerical work experience. Assignments are usually made on a yearly basis, but special arrangements can be made for one semester. 

SCIENCE LAB ASSISTANT
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Prerequisite: Students must have passed two lab science classes with at least a “B” grade (or teacher recommendation), must be computer literate in Word, PowerPoint, and browsers. Must have regular attendance and must maintain a 3.0 GPA in all subjects.
The students will be responsible for assisting in the preparation of laboratory experiences for a variety of science courses and making copies for handouts, study guides, and lessons. 

TEACHER ASSISTANT 
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
Prerequisite: Must maintain a 2.0 GPA in all subjects.
This assignment is designed to expose students to the teaching profession. Teacher's Assistants will be given varying degrees of classroom responsibility in a wide range of activities relating to the role of a teacher. Students should have a good background in the subject area they are assisting in. To be assigned as a T.A., the student must make an individual arrangement with a teacher. 

PEER TUTOR 
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Prerequisite: Knowledge of class content/subject matter and maintain a 3.0 GPA in all subjects.
Peer Tutors will be assisting individual students and small groups with academic course content. Students must have a solid background in the subject area they are tutoring. To be assigned as a Peer Tutor the student must make an individual arrangement with a teacher.

Science

General Science Courses 
 
The minimum graduation requirement in science is one year of a life science and one year of a physical science. All students who have not successfully completed Biology in 9th grade must enroll in Introduction to Biology or Biology in 10th grade. Earth Science is open to all 11th graders who have passed Introduction to Biology and students passing Biology with a grade of "D" or higher.

EARTH SCIENCE (Physical Science & laboratory science for CSU, Chico ONLY)
(Grades 9, 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement – “d” requirement is for CSU, Chico only.
Earth Science is designed to integrate scientific principles related to the earth and its environment.  Topics of study will include Earth chemistry, mapping, geologic time, internal and external geologic processes, meteorology, oceanography, and astronomy, as well as environmental subjects such as natural hazards, geologic resources, resource limitations and management, pollution and waste management, and sustainability. Emphasis will be placed on the geology of California and on the importance of geology to environmental issues. An integrated approach blending applicable Ca-NGSS physical science including; linear and circular motion, dynamics and forces, chemical reactions and bonding, wave properties, nuclear processes and heat. Laboratory and field experiences will be an essential element of this course, allowing students to practice skills in observing, data collecting, interpreting information, and proper use of technology. Students who earn a “C” or better will earn a-g credit.

INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY (Life Science)
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
This is an introductory science class meeting minimum graduation requirements.
Prerequisite: Open to students with teacher and counselor approval.
Introduction to Biology addresses basic concepts including biological molecules, cell structures and function, genetics, structure and function of organisms, and populations and ecosystems. This class includes laboratory activities meant to support the process of science and to practice skills in observation, data gathering and interpretation, application of mathematical principles, and evaluation. 
 
College Preparatory Science Courses
For admittance to a UC or a CSU system school (a-g), two years of college preparatory laboratory science (meets a-g UC/CSU) are required. A third year is recommended for the UC system. 

BIOLOGY (Life Science)
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: Open to 9th grade students only if they are concurrently enrolled in Math 1 Honors. It is recommended that 10th-12th grade students have earned a “C” grade or better in both semesters in Math 1.
This course is designed to teach fundamental biological concepts. Some of the student's time will be spent in laboratory investigation. Areas to be studied will include the steps of scientific method, the microscope and its use, basic biochemistry, cell structure and function, photosynthesis and respiration, genetics, evolution, diversity of life, organismal biology, populations and ecosystems, and the human impact upon them. 

CHEMISTRY (Physical Science)
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "C" grade both semesters in Biology.
This is an introductory course in chemistry designed to meet the needs of the college-bound student. Classroom work and laboratory investigations are utilized in achieving the objectives of the course. Topics include the nature of matter, atomic theory, chemical reactions, status of matter, solutions, the periodic table, chemical bonding, molecular shapes, energy changes associated with chemical and physical changes, reaction rates, chemical equilibrium, acids and bases, and redox reactions. This course includes an emphasis on using mathematics with a primary objective of developing student’s thinking and reasoning skills. Students who fail the 1st semester of Chemistry will not be allowed to enroll in semester 2. 

HONORS CHEMISTRY (Physical Science)
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: Approval of the student's application by the Science Department Honors Committee.
Honors Chemistry is faster paced and the class goes into more depth than Chemistry. See above description for Chemistry. The academic grade in this class is weighted. A “C” grade or higher is required to continue in this course second semester. 

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY (Life Science)
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "C" grade both in semesters in Chemistry.
This course offers an in-depth study of the structure and function of the human body. Areas of focus include the skeletal and muscular system, digestion and metabolism, circulation and respiration, excretion, the endocrine and immune systems, reproduction, the nervous system, and health and homeostasis in general. This laboratory based course is designed for those considering medically related professions or those with a further interest in organismal biology. 

PHYSICS (Physical Science)
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "C" grade in both semesters in Biology.
This is an introductory course designed to meet the needs of the college-bound student. Classroom work and laboratory investigations are utilized in achieving the objectives of the course. The course will involve studying the following: the scientific method, linear motion, circular motion, vectors, forces, Newton's Three Laws, the Universal Law of Gravitation, energy, work, power, waves, light, static electricity (DC), thermodynamics, and relativity. The course emphasizes the use of mathematics with a primary objective of developing student’s thinking and reasoning skills. Physics is an excellent course to prepare for the new Mathematics portion of the College Board SAT test that now emphasizes real world problem solving. 

Advanced Placement Science Courses 
AP courses offer an opportunity for students to complete college level work while attending high school. Most colleges and universities award credit to students with satisfactory performance on the Advanced Placement exams. This credit may allow college science majors to pursue more advanced classes or qualify as a science requirement for non-math majors.

AP BIOLOGY (Life Science)
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits)
Available 18/19 (offered every other year)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a “B” grade in both semesters in Biology and Chemistry.
Class offered every other year. Check with counselor for availability.
This laboratory course is designed to be the equivalent of a college introductory Biology course for Biology majors. Areas of study include in-depth studies of molecules, cells, heredity, evolution, diversity, organisms, populations and ecology. Students will have the opportunity to develop the conceptual framework, factual knowledge and analytical skills necessary to deal critically with the rapidly changing science of Biology. All students enrolled in AP courses are highly encouraged to take the corresponding AP examination. Students are charged $93 per test by the College Board. Financial assistance is available based on need. A score of 3 or higher (out of 5) may be awarded 3 units of college credits may meet one of the science requirements of many colleges and universities. For GPA purposes, honors points are earned with a "C" or better.

AP PHYSICS 1* (Physical Science)
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)      (10 Credits)
Available 17/18 (offered every other year)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisites: The student has earned at least a “B” grade in both semesters in Biology. Students must have completed Math 1 Honors and be concurrently enrolled in Math 2.
Class offered every other year. Check with counselor for availability.
Classroom work and laboratory investigations are utilized in achieving the objectives of the course. AP Physics 1 is an algebra-based, introductory college-level physics course that explores topics such as Newtonian mechanics (including rotational motion); work, energy, and power; mechanical waves and sound; and an introduction to simple circuits. Through inquiry-based learning, students will develop scientific critical thinking and reasoning skills.

AP PHYSICS 2* (Physical Science)
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)      (10 Credits)
Available 17/18 (offered every other year) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: Students should have had AP Physics 1 and have taken or be concurrently enrolled in Math 3 or Precalculus.
Class offered every other year. Check with counselor for availability.
AP Physics 2 is an algebra-based, introductory college-level physics course that explores topics such as fluid statics and dynamics; thermodynamics with kinetic theory; PV diagrams and probability; electrostatics; electrical circuits with capacitors; magnetic fields; electromagnetism; physical and geometric optics; and quantum, atomic, and nuclear physics. Through inquiry-based learning, students will develop scientific critical thinking and reasoning skills.

AP PHYSICS C* (Physical Science)
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)      (10 Credits)
Available 17/18 (offered every other year) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: Students should have had one year of AP Physics and have taken or be concurrently enrolled in AP Calculus.
Class offered every other year. Check with counselor for availability.
AP Physics C utilizes guided inquiry and student centered learning to foster the development of critical thinking skills that uses introductory differential and integral calculus throughout the course. AP Physics C: Mechanics provides college level instruction for engineers and science majors in each of the following six content areas: kinematics; Newton’s laws of motion; work, energy and power; systems of particles and linear momentum; circular motion and rotation; and oscillations and gravitation.

*AP Physics is highly mathematically oriented and is designed to prepare students for the Physics 1 examination and the possibility of credit for a year of college non-calculus based physics. All students enrolled in AP courses are highly encouraged to take the corresponding AP examination. Students are charged $93 per test by the College Board. Financial assistance may be available based on need. A score of 3 or higher (out of 5) may be awarded 3 to 4 units of college credit and may meet one of the science requirements of many colleges and universities. For GPA purposes, honors points are earned with a "C" or better. 

Social Science

WORLD HISTORY/GEOGRAPHY 
(Grade 10)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
This course will begin with an examination of the roots of democracy prior to the French Revolution. It will then examine the major turning points shaping the modern world from the late 18th century to the present, with an emphasis on the modern world. This course will integrate the study of current world issues and cultures with history and geography. 

U.S. HISTORY/GEOGRAPHY 
(Grade 11)     (1 Year)      (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Students will examine the major turning points in American history. The course will begin with a selective review of U.S. History prior to 1900, but the emphasis will be on 20th century American social, political, and cultural history. U.S. Geography will be integrated with the study of history. 

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT 
(Grade 12)     (1 Semester)     (5 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Students in American Government will learn about the foundations of the U.S. Constitution along with how the political process and branches of government work. While becoming familiar with the structure of the national, state, and local governments they will also learn the privileges and responsibilities of citizenship in our democracy. In doing so, the students will develop the ability to become effective decision makers. 

ECONOMICS  
(Grade 12)     (1 Semester)     (5 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Economics is a course designed to help students understand the principles of economics and our economic system. Students will study how our finite resources are used to satisfy wants and how goods and services we demand get produced and distributed. Students will compare our system to those of other countries and make reasoned judgments about our economic policies. 

PSYCHOLOGY 
(Grades 9-12)     (Fall Semester only)     (5 Elective Credits)
This class is often taken with Sociology as a yearlong course. 
Psychology is the study of human mental and emotional development. It studies the individual and his or her behavior. It focuses on how and why people are motivated and learn. We will study personality and mental disorders along with how your brain and memory work. Activities include learning about yourself. Why study Psychology? The reasons include: to learn why people behave as they do; to have a better understanding of how people learn; and to better prepare you for careers that deal with people and their behavior. 

SOCIOLOGY 
(Grades 9-12)     (Spring Semester only) (5 Elective Credits)
This class is often taken with Psychology as a yearlong course. 
Sociology is the study of human social behavior. It focuses on group behavior. The course first looks at culture and the process by which we are socialized. We will study group behavior, why people conform to society's expectations and why some people deviate from that. Other topics include the sociology of racism, poverty, the family, religion and sports. Why study Sociology? The main reasons include: because we interact with people every day; because we can learn about ourselves by studying others; and because social behavior has an impact on us all. Students interested in careers that deal with people and their behavior will find this course useful and interesting. 

INTRODUCTION TO THE LAW 
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "C" grade in both semesters in U.S. History, World History, Sociology or Psychology.
If you are interested in law enforcement, becoming a lawyer, or just want to learn more about the law, Introduction to the Law is a course you should consider. This is an elective course for those who wish to learn more about the American legal system. Topics will include purpose of laws, the criminal justice system, the civil law (lawsuit) system, constitutional rights, juvenile rights, current laws related to issues, and careers in the law. Class activities will include discussions, guest speakers, reading, research, activities, and simulations. 
 
Advanced Placement Social Science Courses
AP courses offer an opportunity for students to complete college level work while attending high school. Most colleges and universities award credit to students with satisfactory performance on the Advanced Placement exams. This credit may allow college social science majors to pursue more advanced classes or qualify as a social science requirement for non-math majors.

ADVANCED PLACEMENT U.S. HISTORY 
(Grade 11)     (1 Year)     (10 credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned an "A" grade in both semesters in World History or the recommendation of his/her World History instructor.
Advanced Placement United States History is an elective class for juniors that satisfies the U.S. History requirement for graduation and offers the possibility of college credit upon passing the AP test at the end of the year. The course utilizes a college-level text, is fast-paced, and is designed to enable students to be successful on the AP test. In this course, students will be required to master a broad base of historical knowledge and analyze it effectively on tests and assignments. Historical thinking skills and thematic instruction are woven into nine units, each representing a period of American history. Grades of C and higher receive an extra point when computing GPAs. All students are strongly encouraged to take the AP test at year’s end.

ADVANCED PLACEMENT AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
(Grade 12)     (1 Semester)     (5 Credits)
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned an ”A" grade in both semesters in U. S. History or AP U. S. History with semester grades of "B" or above. Recommendation of U.S. History instructor and approval of AP Government instructor required.
This is a college level course that examines and analyzes the basic institutions of government; the Congress, Presidency, Courts, and bureaucracy. It will also study the Constitution and philosophical underpinnings of our government and the processes by which people participate and policy is made. Students will be taught how to complete college level reading and writing assignments to prepare them for the AP exam.  A score of 3 or higher (out of 5) may be awarded 3 units of college credits and may meet one of the basic Social Science requirements of many colleges and universities. For GPA purposes, honors points are earned with a "C" or better. All students enrolled in AP courses are highly encouraged to take the corresponding AP examination. Students are charged $93 per test by the College Board. Financial assistance is available based on need.

Special Services

ACADEMIC SUPPORT PROGRAM 
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
Prerequisite: Student IEP required.
This program helps students improve their skills in math, reading, and written language. Students also work intensively on study skills and work habits. Support is given to help students stay on target for graduation. Job skills, education and career exploration are also a component of the Academic Support Program. 

SPECIAL DAY CLASS
(Grades 9-12)        
Prerequisite: Student IEP required.
In this program, the core curriculum is taught in a small group setting with the modifications necessary to accommodate different learning styles. Students work on improving basic skills in math, reading, and written language. Job training is an integral part of this program. 

FUNCTIONAL LIFE SKILLS PROGRAM 
(Grades 9-12)        
Prerequisite: Student IEP required.
The objectives of this program are to develop our students’ independence based on structured functional life skills teaching strategies creating an environment in which all students have the opportunity to be contributing members of the community.  The team cultivates an atmosphere of cooperative working and learning, respecting all students and expecting high achievement and success and maintaining expectations that foster a sense of dignity, self-respect and independence.  The students that benefit from this program have moderate to severe disabilities.

INTENSIVE SCHOOL-BASED TREATMENT PROGRAM 
(Grades 9-12)        
Prerequisite: Student IEP required.
The goal of this program is to provide services to meet the students' educational and mental health needs, with a focus on both academic and emotional growth.  The core belief of the program centers on a strong academic curriculum, linked closely to the common core standards, and supported with in-class behavioral health services

Visual & Performing Arts

INTRODUCTION TO ART
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)      (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
This is a beginning hands-on art studio class in which students will have an opportunity to use art techniques to create both two and three-dimensional works of art using a variety of mediums such as pencil, colored pencil, pen & ink, pastel, watercolor, acrylic, paper collage and clay. Students will be introduced to the Elements of Art and Principles of Design.

ADVANCED ART
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)      (10 Credits) 
Meets an a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "B" grade in both semesters in Introduction to Art or Teacher/Administrator approval.
This advanced studio art class will give students a chance to expand their artistic skills and creativity. Students will learn about various artists, and explore art styles using various painting and printmaking techniques and mediums using acrylics, watercolors, pastels, linoleum, wood, collage, glass, mosaics and clay. Students will revisit the Elements of Art and Principles of Design along with color theory.
MUSICAL PRODUCTION
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits)  
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
This is an exciting class at Paradise High School. Do you like to sing? Act? Dance?  Then this class is for you.   Students in Musical Production will learn techniques for singing, acting and dance, in a supportive atmosphere utilizing our newly renovated PHS Little Theatre.   Course Study includes character development, vocal techniques, auditioning, and technical theater. Performance opportunities include presenting short musical plays to local elementary schools, a Talent show, and at least one full length Musical Production. It's a class where PHS students can share their talents and shine!

MARCHING BAND 
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: Prior experience on a band instrument. Beginning students admitted only with instructor approval.
The Paradise High School Band is one of the busiest organizations on campus. The main focus of this group is performing throughout the year at concerts, parades, and sporting events. Serious consideration is given to all music, whether it is for concert or marching. Grading is done on individual performance and participation. Be prepared to work hard and have a lot of fun. Significant time outside of class is required.

CHORUS
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Prerequisite: Instructor Approval.
The Paradise High School Chorus is an action-packed class that sings and performs in our local community, as well as traveling to far off places.  Students develop their voices as choir members and are also given solo opportunities if they desire.  The purpose of the class is to develop singing and musicianship skills in a variety of musical styles for class performances, as well as future opportunities at college and in the community.  The class is open to all students. Attendance at performances is required.

ADVANCED CHORUS/ACAPELLA
(Grades 10-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement
Prerequisite: Auditions and instructor approval.
Paradise High School Advanced Chorus is a group of skilled singers with choral experience.  Students will travel both in the local community and far away, pulling together challenging music from pop to classical, acapella to jazz.  The goal of the class is to pull strong voices together and create great music.  Students are trained as choir members, music leaders, and are given solo opportunities as well.  Any student can apply to be in this class. Attendance at performances is required.

PHOTO 1 
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
College credit available under the 2+2+2 program
Photo 1 will spend the first semester focusing on traditional black and white photography. Students will have access to 35 mm SLR cameras on a limited basis. Alternative printing techniques will also be explored. Students will be required to take picture assignments from a curriculum that the students have input in creating. The second semester students will be focusing on digital photography and learning how to use Photoshop to enhance their photographs. This is a combination lecture, textbook, and studio class. Students will expand skills in picture taking by applying the Elements of Art and Principles of Design.

ADVANCED PHOTO
(Grades 12)     (1 Year)     (10 Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "B" grade in both semesters in Photo 1.
Assignments for advanced photo will come from advanced curriculum outlines allowing students to build a portfolio based on a theme. Photo 1 and Advanced Photo will also include artist research projects in which students learn how to describe, analyze, interpret and judge photographic works of art.

FASHION DESIGN
(Grades 10-12) (1 Year) (10 Fine Arts Credits)
Meets the PHS CTE option and a-g UC/CSU requirements
Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in both semesters of Life Management.
College credit available under the 2+2+2 program
Students will learn the skills necessary for a career in the fast-growing industry of fashion design. Students will learn how to design, sew, and re-style clothing; apply the elements and principles of design in various aspects of the fashion industry; understand the relationship between history and fashion; know the general characteristics, production, and maintenance of textiles and textile products; study and analyze fashion trends; understand the principles of apparel pattern making; demonstrate the skills and procedures necessary for sales and marketing in the fashion industry. Students will also have the experience of planning and presenting a fashion show. 

World Languages

FRENCH 1 
(Grades 9-12)      (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "C" grade in both semesters in English.
A beginning course in which the basic sound, speech and grammatical patterns are learned through communication based activities. Good skills in English important for success in this class. Some aspects of French culture are presented in each lesson. 

FRENCH 2 
(Grades 10-12)      (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "C" grade in both semesters in French 1 or approval of the instructor.
This is an intermediate course in which conversation is stressed. Basic patterns learned in French 1 are enlarged upon and varied, and personal creativity (both oral and written) is encouraged. Many aspects of the culture are stressed. Practical vocabulary is based on everyday situations. 

FRENCH 3/4 
(Grades 11-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "C" grade in both semesters in French 2 or approval of the instructor.
The goal of this class is the use of the language. This class also studies the history and civilization of France. Literary works (poetry, short stories, plays, and novels) are studied for discussion purposes and for enrichment in French culture. Reading, writing, and creative skits help students toward the goal of fluency. More practical vocabulary is based on everyday situations that everyone needs to know when traveling in France. 

SPANISH 1 
(Grades 9-12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "C" grade in both semesters in English.
First year Spanish starts your learning of the language in four different ways--hearing, speaking, reading, and writing. Good skills in English are important for success. The text provides exercises for drilling, questions to answer, and dialogues. Communication based activities in Spanish put you in a Spanish-speaking situation that makes communication in the language come naturally. The present and the past tense structures are studied. 

SPANISH 2 
(Grades 10-12)      (1 Year)      (10 Elective Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "C" grade in both semesters in Spanish 1.
Second-year Spanish continues the development of skills learned in the first year. Reading exercises tell about the customs and history of Spanish-speaking countries. More writing is done. Conversations, reports, and communication based activities are the dominant activity. All main structures of the language are studied in Spanish 2. 

SPANISH 3/4 
(Grade 11- 12)     (1 Year)     (10 Elective Credits) 
Meets a-g UC/CSU requirement 
Prerequisite: The student has earned at least a "C" grade in both semesters in Spanish 2.
This class is conducted completely in Spanish. Verbal expression and comprehension are studied by means of practice and discussion. Emphasis is placed on reading at a more advanced level, with corresponding writing assignments. New grammatical structures and vocabulary will be introduced, with opportunities to practice in a practical setting. All modes of communication; reading, writing, listening, and speaking are used to enhance the students’ abilities in Spanish.